Why is already risk of sunburn?
Most of the people have to the Winter is still a ungebräunte skin, what are these sensitive against UV-rays. The German weather service, the sun reaches a height, such as at the end of August and in mid-April after all. In addition, can already occur in the spring depending on the weather mini ozone holes, what makes the UV-values increase.
How dangerous is UV radiation?
UV-radiation can damage the eye such as connective cause skin inflammation and sunburn on the skin. In the long term, it contributes to the premature aging of the skin. UV radiation is also the main risk for skin cancer. Each year, more than 200,000 people in Germany are diagnosed with new skin cancer – and the trend is rising. The German cancer aid, even a year, more than to 293,000 new cases. Alone, more than 20,000 diagnoses concerning dangerous “black” skin cancer, called malignant melanoma. In addition to the UV rays of the genetic influences, especially, if someone is ill.
Who is most at risk?
People with lighter skin have a higher risk than those with darker skin. More frequently and severe sunburn, particularly in childhood increases the risk of later skin cancer. The skin never forgets, warn specialists.
Where can I find the current UV intensity?
Information can be obtained from the UV-forecast of the Federal office for radiation protection (Link), created in each case for three days and is updated regularly. The higher the number of the UV-index is indicated between one and ten, the higher the radiation, and thus the risk of sunburn. Starting at a UV Index of three, a protection is required, for example, by clothing or sun cream. From a value of eight protective measures are required. On the water and on the beach the radiation load is often particularly high.
What is the best form of sun protection?
The lunch hours should be spend better in the house, or at least in the shade. In direct sunlight, a head is recommend cover. Experts also recommend a pair of sunglasses with side protection, i.e., convex lenses, or wide arms, the bear, for example, the character “UV 400”. In addition, care should be taken, even if there is no summer – sun cream with high light protection factor, which is applied 30 minutes before exposure to the sun. It should be at least sun protection factor 15, for children and sensitive people 50 is recommended .
What helps against sunburn?
The first is prevention of course. Who still manages to get a sunburn, cold compresses with chamomile tea as well as Quark help wetlands and yogurt dressings. For the pain anti-inflammatory painkillers such as aspirin or Ibuprofen can be taken. In the case of severe Sunburn with blisters and fever, a doctor should be consulted.